According to Ayurveda all neuromuscular disorders come under a common heading called as Vata vyadhi. These neuromuscular disorders are various kinds of diseases that are caused due to aggravated Vata Dosha. Pakshaghata (paralysis), Avabahuka (frozen shoulder), Slipped disc, Grudhrasi (sciatica), Hyper or hypo movement of limbs, Muscular dystrophy etc all come under this head. There are many causative factors for these type of diseases and they include excessive exercises, carrying excessive loads, old age, accidents, sedentary habits, improper diet that is diet which will vitiate vata dosha.
All these factors aggravate Vata Dosha which in turn gets lodged in weak part of the body that may be a joint or any other part like spine. Majority of Vata vyadhi can be diagnosed by symptoms like joint pain, restricted/ loss of movements, stiffness, tingling numbness, crepitus & others.
Ayurveda has described treatment for these diseases extensively by means of internal medication as well as external (Panchakarma) therapies like Abhyanga, Swedana (Sudation), Patrapinda and Dry Potli massage , Navarakizhi, Basti (Enema therapy) etc.
These treatments act by nourishing weak parts of body as well as by pacifying the vitiated Vata Dosha. Along with these treatments, Yogasana help by strengthening of body parts which are affected in Vata vyadhi.Special diet management and lifestyle management according to principles of Ayurveda is also needed to be followed to enhance effects of medicines and also to stop further deterioration of the condition.